Researchers in Japan found new materials they described as tiny spherical glass particle that was highly radioactive. Researchers found that the radioactivity was highest in the center of the particle, indicating the cesium was incorporated into the glass particle during the molten phase of the meltdown. The glass particle also contains materials that indicate it includes either concrete from the containment vessel or seawater that was injected.
Microparticles containing substantial amounts of radiocesium collected from the ground in Fukushima were investigated mainly by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray microanalysis with scanning TEM (STEM). Particles of around 2 μm in diameter are basically silicate glass containing Fe and Zn as transition metals, Cs, Rb and K as alkali ions, and Sn as substantial elements. Nano-sized crystallites such as copper- zinc- and molybdenum sulfide, and silver telluride were found inside the microparticles, which probably resulted from the segregation of the silicate and sulfide (telluride) during molten-stage. 0.2 μm thick exists at the outer side of the particle collected from cedar leaves 8 months after the nuclear accident, suggesting gradual leaching of radiocesium from the microparticles in the natural environment.
Cross section of the NWC-1 glass sphere from Nihonmatsu, photo credit Yamaguchi et al.
Although almost five years have passed since the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP), radioactive contamination in the surrounding area is still a serious problem in Japan.
“Most of the those other isotopes in are very small quantities relative to the cesium that were released – that were very different to the Chernobyl situation where huge quantities of Strontium, about equal Cesium and Strontium were released along with several isotopes of of Plutonium, The Plutonium is in the process of decaying into Americium and (that) is more radioactive than Plutonium apparent”
Strontium in Fukushima Prefecture
In Japan the the Strontium were not volatilized as did Cesium and Iodine and it did not travel far (on Land) but large quantities of Strontium are still being released by the ground water at the plant and and from the cooling water leaking into the ocean.
Contamination of the Nursery areas in the deep ocean and off the coast of Japan?
On the 4th February 2016 a Press conference was held in the Foreign Correspondents Club in Japan calling for more research funding to be done concerning the Human health effects of the Fukushima nuclear disaster and we find a similar problem faced by epidemiologists and researchers to the lack of interest and therefore funding in this area. During the interview with Timothy we touched on research funding issues in a variety of areas relevant to the nuclear disaster including the aquatic environment. (Some other issues to do with marine contamination here http://www.opednews.com/articles/Off-shore-nuclear-waste-du-by-Shaun-McGee-Earthquake_Earthquake-Faults_Iaea_Information-140712-441.html )
Timothy responded to a question put to him saying that only some studies have been done (to his knowledge) on the bottom feeding fish and that these fish had been found to contain high contamination but that very few other studies have been done. He went on to say;
“surveillance work to determine whether fish can be consumed rather than the biological impacts (and) ecological impacts of the fish themselves, this is one of the important questions and that is one of the interests we have as a group.”
He went on to say that the issues for the authorities are that;
“Whether or not —“ The fish are below regulatory limits for export, that is the main – you know- economic driver of interest but the biological drive is almost nil as far as I can tell”
Terrestrial (land) contamination issues on wildlife, plant and micro–organisms
Of the limited research happening in this area, Tim and his team are at the forefront in developing novel and creative ways to ascertain the effects from the nuclear disaster. Using their experience gleaned from the radiological affected areas of Chernobyl (with the help of Anders Pape Møller, CNRS, University of Paris-Sud) and applying this invaluable experience on the highly affected areas on the mountain sides and hills surrounding the Fukushima city to the coastal areas including Namie and IItate areas of Fukushima and some less contaminated areas for comparison studies.
These studies have resulted in some 8 to 9 primary papers on birds and Insects. Also, new research on Rodents is about to be released and cameras have been set up in various locations studying large mammals such as pigs and monkeys.
Oze National Park in southern Fukushima Prefecture and Northern Chiba Prefecture (north of Tokyo)
On the search for clean areas for comparison studies, Tim said that he was disappointed. He looked at the huge and remote Oze national Park as a possible location (largely situated in the Chiba Prefecture but his radiation readings were more than 10 times normal at 0.5 mcSv/h (compared to the contaminated research area with 30 – 40 and 50 mcSv/h in the hills surrounding Fukushima City.
We talked about the effects of sediment transfer from the mountains down through the lakes and forests of Oze Park. Tim then mentioned a Typhoon he witnessed that stripped large areas of soil into the rivers and was concerned of the effects in the extensive lake system in Oze Park and the result of contamination making its way to the river outflows on the coast and effects on the fisheries. Asked as to whether any studies were being done he said that in the last year (some 5 years after the nuclear accident) many geologists from around the world were vying for funding to commence studies in “the next year or two” studying such issues but presently;
Excellent video post! A Must See & great links provided from detail box: Prof Chris Busby has had concerning British nuclear test veterans in the UK & their battle with the UK Ministry of Defence & the Home Office. New parameters have been set allowing Prof Busby to challenge the MOD on the false science that they are trying to use to support their case against the nuclear test veterans. This is a first in the UK. This case now has the possibilities of opening up the questions concerning Depleted Uranium and other isotopes that have been deemed to be “low dose”.
In this show we discuss the varoius activist activities of Fr Martin Newell (co-founder of the London Chapter of the Catholic Workers Movement ). We talk about the refugee situation in Europe, Peace issues including Sister Megan Rice of Ploughshares and climate issues and the Pope. Interview date – 01-02-2016
The Catholic Workers Movement (CWM) was started in New York city in 1933 by Dorothy Day, who was a communist anarchist who had become a Catholic but still wanted to put into practice her Socialist and Political beliefs so she got in contact with a French peasant Peter Maurin. He advised her to start a newspaper to highlight the catholic worker teaching and to start houses of hospitality to feed the hungry and house the poor and clothe the naked and also to set up communal farms to provide work. After they set up the houses of hospitality, others also started houses of hospitality autonomously around the United States in the 1930’s.
They were also pacifists, so the CWM became a pacifist movement. It also became a lay movement and were recognized as such by the Catholic Church.
At the moment there are currently about 200 CWM houses and communities in the US and 15 other countries including 4 in the UK. The London Chapter started in 2000 and had their first House of Hospitality for destitute asylum seekers that began 10 years ago. In the 1960’s the American Secret Service had branded the CWM as the second most subversive group after the Communist Party.
The Ploughshares movement came out of the CWM with people like the Bergen movement who were well known as coming from an Irish background and were part of the first Ploughshares action which involved entering a Nuclear factory and hammering on a nuclear missile nose cone. Continue reading The case of the radioactive hammer with Fr. Martin Newell
Given the fact that Racheal Maddow who in a recent report mentioned that the Authorities in Flint Michigan, who let people know that the drinking water of the city was full of chemicals and Lead Pb in October 2015 (because of local activism and pressure), had actually warned the government staff in Flint of this and even delivered clean water sources to the offices a whole year before the public statement. (recent levels peaked at 4000 parts per million and the actionable limit is 15 parts per million)
“does not meet treatment requirements” for state employees to drink, even as the Snyder administration was assuring Flint residents about the integrity of their water.
MOX fueled reactor 3 Explosion sends Iodine 131 to USA and Europe
I want to draw attention to a similar situation in the USA after the Fukushima nuclear disaster when high levels of Iodine 131 and other radionuclides were wafting their way to Europe. In Europe CRIIRAD had issued a warning on possible health effects in France and advised that children and Pregnant women should refrain from drinking milk and eating leafy vegetables. CRIIRAD also stated that the USA had ten times the level of radiation than France. The European Media did not run with the story nor did the US media, thus putting young children and Pregnant women at risk of increaing the amounts of iodine 131 they might have ingested or inhaled.
Now, they are telling us that it’s safe to eat. Please, I beg. Please stop. Give us some mercy. That’s how I feel. Why would a country do such a thing, you wonder. The answer is easy. Unless they use such a high number, the economy won’t turn around. Unless they use such a high number, our food won’t be on the market. There will be compensation and insurance issues to deal with.
Contaminated food in Japan – English Transcription below
This must be shared by anyone who is in Japan. Please pass on if you know anyone who is in Japan. Taro Yamamoto talks about risk of Fukushima radiation in Japanese food. Current Japanese regulation allows nuclear waste level food to be on the market. He also appeals for people’s right to evacuate in contaminated areas. The political decision to protect the market economy has resulted in this catastrophic situation where many are predicting a major disaster according to numbers indicated by Chernobyl, Hiroshima and etc.
This is a jam packed interview, full of interesting observations on the usefulness of social media in combating the Corprorate memes and PR driven disinformation found in most main stream media outlets. Delivered by experienced social media users and activists.
Libbe Halevy has been a survivor of the 3 Mile Island nuclear disaster and found herself strongly drawn to the nuclear disaster after the Japanese nuclear meltdown in Japan at the Fukushima Daichi nuclear site. Since June, the first year of the nuclear disaster in 2011, she has been developing and creating anti nuclear activist news content, largely on her own, that has helped activists fight the memes and arguments of the many pro nuclear bloggers and commenter’s on the web.
Libbe commented that her main points of encouragement were to document the nuclear industry and its disasters and we discussed the possibilities of activists to use this information to promote activists groups who need crucial data for their petitions and local pressure organisations campaigns etc.
Libbe commented that she believes in solutions based activism.
She has traveled a Rocky road, like many activists, and she gives us a brief insight into this aspect of her life.